|| Pearl Harbor
On Sunday, December 7th, 1941
the Japanese launched a Surprise attack against the U.S. Forces
stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii .
By planning his attack
on a Sunday, the Japanese commander Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch
the entire fleet in port. As luck Would have it, the Aircraft Carriers
and one of the Battleships Were not in port. (The USS Enterprise
was returning from Wake Island , where it had just delivered some
aircraft. The USS Lexington was ferrying aircraft to Midway, and
the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado were undergoing repairs in the
In spite of the latest
intelligence reports about the missing Aircraft carriers (his most
important targets), Admiral Nagumo decided to continue the attack
with his force of six carriers and 423 aircraft. At a range of 230
miles north of Oahu , he launched the first wave of a two-wave attack.
Beginning at 0600 hours his first wave consisted of 183 fighters
and torpedo bombers which struck at the fleet in Pearl Harbor and
the airfields in Hickam, Kaneohe and Ewa. The second strike, launched
at 0715 hours, consisted of 167 aircraft, which again struck at
the same targets.
At 0753 hours the first
wave consisting of 40 Nakajima B5N2 Kate" torpedo bombers,
51 Aichi D3A1 "Val" dive bombers, 50 high altitude bombers
and 43 Zeros struck airfields and Pearl Harbor. Within the next
hour, the second wave arrived and continued the attack.
When it was over, the
USA : 218 KIA, 364 WIA.
USN: 2,008 KIA, 710 WIA.
USMC: 109 KIA, 69 WIA.
Civilians: 68 KIA, 35 WIA.
TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178
Commentary By Christina Rhys
USS Arizona (BB-39) - total loss when a bomb hit her magazine.
USS Oklahoma (BB-37) - Total loss when she capsized and sunk in
USS California (BB-44) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.
USS West Virginia (BB-48) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and
USS Nevada - (BB-36) Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired.
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) - Light damage.
USS Maryland (BB-46) - Light damage.
USS Tennessee (BB-43) Light damage.
USS Utah (AG-16) - (former battleship used as a target) - Sunk.
USS New Orleans (CA-32) - Light Damage..
USS San Francisco (CA-38) - Light Damage.
USS Detroit (CL- 8) - Light Damage.
USS Raleigh (CL-7) - Heavily damaged but repaired.
USS Helena (CL-50) - Light Damage.
USS Honolulu (CL-48) - Light Damage..
USS Downes (DD-375) - Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
USS Cassin - (DD-372) Destroyed. Parts salvaged.
USS Shaw (DD-373) - Very heavy damage.
USS Helm (DD-388) - Light Damage.
USS Ogala (CM-4) - Sunk but later raised and repaired.
USS Curtiss (AV-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.
USS Vestal (AR-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.
USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) - Sunk but later raised and repaired.
188 Aircraft destroyed (92 USN and 92 U.S Army Air Corps.)